While every pregnancy, no matter how it comes about, is different in some ways, there are many ways in which a typical pregnancy is different than an in vitro fertilization (IVF) pregnancy.
—You’ll have more information about your future child. Before doctors insert the embryo back in to the mother for pregnancy, the embryo is checked for any mutations or abnormalities that may have been causing your infertility in the first place.
—You have the ability to choose your baby’s gender. Because you most likely had several eggs gathered and fertilized and each resulting embryo will undergo extensive testing before being placed back in the uterus, you will know which gender each embryo is. This choice is obviously unavailable for those who conceive naturally.
—There is more early monitoring. Undergoing IVF can be an expensive procedure to attempt over and over, so doctors do several tests early in the pregnancy to make sure everything is going according to plan and your fetus is growing healthily. Most women who conceive naturally do not start seeing their OB/GYN until at least 12 weeks into their pregnancy.
—You will need progesterone treatment. Low progesterone is a very common reason many women miscarry. If you have had to resort to IVF to become pregnant, your doctor will most likely want you to take progesterone supplements. If you are tested and your progesterone levels are normal, then it is fine for these supplements to stop.
—You have a greater chance of having multiples. “Generally, mothers treated with IVF have two to four eggs inserted in order to increase the chance that a healthy pregnancy will come from the treatment. Because of the extra eggs, IVF has a greater than average chance of implanting more than one egg and producing a pregnancy that results in twins or higher order multiples.” Talk to your doctor about what you desire the outcome to be from your IVF pregnancy.
There is no reason that your IVF pregnancy should not result in a healthy child. Talk to your doctor today about your individual circumstances and what the best method is to proceed.
Vitamin D, the sunshine vitamin, nicknamed because the body makes vitamin D when exposed to sunlight, is also found in foods like eggs, milk, yogurt, tuna, salmon, cereal and orange juice.
Numerous studies have suggested that Vitamin D deficiency may lower a woman’s chances of getting pregnant through in vitro fertilization (IVF). Studies suggest that those with sufficient vitamin D levels were more likely to have better-quality embryos and were twice as likely to achieve pregnancy as compared to those with vitamin D deficiency.
Since vitamin D supplementation is an inexpensive and simple intervention with few relevant side effects, additional randomized clinical trials in this area have the potential to markedly influence the way infertility is treated.
Mutated versions of a gene called PALB2 can dramatically increase a woman’s risk of breast cancer, a new study has found.
Read more of this story, by Dennis Thompson, CBS News.
View video from North Shore LIJ News Room.
If you are one of the millions of women in the world who has developed breast cancer and is wondering how this affects your fertility, you are not alone. Each person is different; therefore how each person is affected is also different. There are generally three main factors which affect how breast cancer will impact your fertility:
–Type of treatment. If you have a type of breast cancer which only requires surgery and radiation to treat, your fertility will not be affected. If you have a more aggressive type of breast cancer which needs chemotherapy to treat, there is a higher likelihood of your fertility being affected. Premature ovarian failure or early menopause are two effects chemotherapy might have.
–Type and stage of the cancer. If you have a small tumor still in the early stage of growth that is responsive to hormones, it is possible to easily remove the tumor or treat it with hormone-containing drugs. If your cancer has spread across your body and is in a later stage, it’s possible that it is “hormonally insensitive”—meaning drugs do not affect it—and the only option is chemotherapy.
–Age. The older you are when you get breast cancer, the less impact it has on your fertility. This is because your fertility is already declining by your late 30s and it’s possible you’ve already had all the children you want to have. If you are diagnosed with breast cancer in your early 20s, there’s much more at stake: you may not have had any children yet, it’s unknown what your fertility will look like after cancer treatment, etc.
If you have been diagnosed with cancer, it’s possible you still have time to undergo egg freezing before your cancer treatments start. By doing this, you are giving yourself some insurance that you could still have children after your ordeal with breast cancer is over.
Talk to your doctor about your specific situation and what you can do to still ensure you have children even though you’ve also had breast cancer.
The struggle of infertility is one that knows no race or nationality. Despite recent political rhetoric over the state of healthcare in the US, the bottom line is we are a first world country and we have medical advantages, advanced technology and well-trained physicians that many people in the world do not.
That’s not the case in many countries around the world, and the stigma associated with not being able to have children is so negative that some women are shunned from their community and in extreme cases resort to suicide.
But Belgian obstetrician Dr Willem Ombelet, who worked in South Africa in the 1980s, believed there must be a way to overcome the cost barriers that prohibited IVF treatment. He and embryologist, Jonathan Van Blerkom, birthed the idea of a cheap, portable lab for embryo incubation.
By mixing baking soda and citric acid they created their own CO2, periodically adding it to the solution holding the embryos to maintain the optimal CO2 concentration and alkalinity levels.
Voila! Reliable, inexpensive embryo incubator.
Read the full story, by Cathy Edwards, in BBC News.
Egg freezing is becoming increasingly popular as the process is perfected and news about it becomes more widespread. If you know nothing else, here are four things you must know about egg freezing:
—It’s never too early to do it. A woman doesn’t make eggs throughout her life; she is born with a certain amount of eggs and has a window of time to use them. The eggs on reserve start expiring around age 30. If you are even considering this idea, it is best to take action now.
—It can be too late to do it, however. The usual cut-off age for undergoing egg freezing is 38 years old. Past this age, the quality of the eggs is not as guaranteed as when women are younger. Do not wait to undergo this procedure if you are thinking about it!
—Egg freezing is a process. First is the initial consultation, then comes an ultrasound, blood work, hormone injections to stimulate the ovaries to produce eggs, egg retrieval, and storage. The whole process can take up to six weeks to complete.
—Freezing your eggs opens up future family-making possibilities. “You don’t need to freeze your eggs in hopes of meeting Mr. Right. You can also freeze them while you search for Mr. Right Sperm Donor.” Whichever you decide, egg freezing allows you the time to make a decision in peace, rather than being rushed.
Do not feel pressured or rushed to have children if you aren’t ready. Talk to your doctor about if egg freezing may be right for you.
Dr. Singer, Director of our Egg Freezing Program, sheds light on how fertility preservation can help endometriosis patients.
I have been working with Dr. Seckin for over a decade now, and could not agree more that endometriosis is a disease that’s under-researched and that patients with endometriosis should be treated in parallel for both their debilitating pelvic pain and for their inevitable impending infertility. Endometriosis, though benign, is known to affect patients’ uterus, ovaries, fallopian tubes and other pelvic organs crucial for successful pregnancy and a healthy delivery.
A good strategy to tackle this condition and provide patients with the highest level of care would be an inter-disciplinary approach to treating endometriosis while preserving their fertility. I would advise young single patients with endometriosis to be proactive and consider freezing their eggs before this chronic medical condition reduces their fertility and conception potential. With improvements in the egg freezing technology in the past three years we can now offer endometriosis patients hope and the chance of starting a family.
If you have concerns about endometriosis and how this affects your fertility, please schedule an appointment with myself or one of my colleagues to get expert advice on treatment options.
The New York Times recently ran an article detailing the trending flow of affluent couples from foreign countries who are coming to the US for surrogacy services. The US is just one of a few countries where paid surrogacy is legal and accepted.
Currently New York State law prohibits the hiring of a gestational carrier in exchange for money. However, if your potential gestational carrier is a friend or relative and is not getting financial compensation, it is possible for the Center for Human Reproduction to accommodate you, provided the carrier passes our screening.
We support the efforts of RESOLVE and other groups to enact a surrogacy bill in New York State. Women who are unable to get pregnant or carry a pregnancy for medical reasons should still be afforded the opportunity to become a mother and have a family.
To read the full New York Times article, by Tamar Lewin, click here.
The possibility of 3-parent DNA continues to be a topic of debate in the US as well as Britain. Although Britain is expected to make a decision on the legality and ethics of this controversial procedure by the end of this year, US FDA officials have yet to approve the procedure, or make any decisions regarding its use.
Dr. Avner Hershlag, chief of the human reproduction center for the North-Shore-Long Island Jewish Health System, takes a cautionary approach, stating, “How we make sure that what you are transferring is safe and healthy remains to be seen.”
To read more of this story from Newsday, click here.